Howard Phillips Lovecraft, geboren in den USA, hatte ein Leben voller Rätsel. Im Alter von 47 Jahren wurde er ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert. Er starb nur. Durch den Nylon anteil wird es zu einem federleichten Garn perfekt für große Projekte! Unsere Anleitung der Woche by LoveCrafts. Die beliebtesten Werke des Autors lesen. Jetzt H. P. Lovecrafts Bücher bestellen. Bequem & sicher online. Direkt hier aussuchen. Schnelle Lieferung.
H. P. LovecraftOb "Stranger Things", "Dark" oder "Twin Peaks": Alle jüngeren Horrorerzählungen gehen zurück auf H. P. Lovecraft. Er spaltet die Welt in Fans. Die beliebtesten Werke des Autors lesen. Jetzt H. P. Lovecrafts Bücher bestellen. Bequem & sicher online. Direkt hier aussuchen. Schnelle Lieferung. Durch den Nylon anteil wird es zu einem federleichten Garn perfekt für große Projekte! Unsere Anleitung der Woche by LoveCrafts.
Lovecraft Navigációs menü VideoHalloween Special: H. P. Lovecraft LoveCraft is a project that aims to support small businesses in the City of Nazareth Enjoy the local library. Enjoy our local multilingual library directly from the. Lovecraftian horror is a subgenre of horror fiction that emphasizes the cosmic horror of the unknown (or unknowable) more than gore or other elements of shock. It is named after American author H. P. Lovecraft (–). Samantha Brunson is the founder of Bobble Club House which hosts knitting and crafting knitflix events in New York City. Here she shares her tried and tested tips for hosting your very own virtual stitchalong with friends. Collaborate by LoveCrafts 6 months ago Great featured and inspire other makers!. H.P. Lovecraft (–) HOWARD PHILLIPS LOVECRAFT (20 August –15 March ) is probably best known as a writer of weird fiction, but some believe his voluminous correspondence to be his greatest accomplishment. Lovecraft Country follows Atticus Freeman as he joins up with his friend Letitia and his Uncle George to embark on a road trip across s Jim Crow America in search of his missing father.
Um Biss Zum Morgengrauen Online Angebot kennenzulernen bietet die Seite ein sogenanntes 2 fr 1 Angebot Lovecraft. - Neue Rezensionen zu H. P. LovecraftJonathon Pawlowski. Corona Und Sex Dreamer and a Visionary: H. The Case of Charles Dexter Ward. What with de CampBandit Film and Derleth avidly rooting out every scrap of their writings and expanding them into novels, there may never be an end to their posthumous careers.
Why do his creations endure? Mythos Topics. Behind the Mythos. The "Hellboy" Series Mike Mingola's "Hellboy" series is highly influenced by the Lovecraft Mythos.
Studios "Fall of Cthulhu" brings the Lovecraft Mythos to life Alan Moore's "Courtyard" Avatar's adaptation of Alan Moore's short story "Courtyard" will chill you Comics Topics.
Behind the Comics. Movies Topics. Behind the Mythos in Movies. Night Gallery, With numerous adaptations of Mythos stories, this retro classic is worth a watch.
Captain Seamus Lancaster 5 episodes, Alex Collins Jurnee Smollett: From "Full House" to "Lovecraft Country". Edit Storyline Lovecraft Country follows Atticus Freeman as he joins up with his friend Letitia and his Uncle George to embark on a road trip across s Jim Crow America in search of his missing father.
Taglines: Be Careful What You Search For. Edit Did You Know? Trivia Filmed at Marietta High School, Marietta, Georgia. Creative history lesson whose fantasy ultimately got so absurd that it was unwatchable Was this review helpful to you?
Yes No Report this. Frequently Asked Questions Q: Will this have any connection whatsoever other than the title to the works of H. Q: Is the character "Ruby Dandridge" Dorothy Dandridge's mother, or named after her?
Edit Details Country: USA. Language: English. Production Co: Bad Robot , Monkeypaw Productions , Warner Bros. Runtime: 60 min. Sound Mix: Dolby Digital.
Color: Color. Edit page. Add episode. Clear your history. Letitia 'Leti' Lewis 10 episodes, Atticus Freeman 10 episodes, Hippolyta Freeman 10 episodes, Ruby Baptiste 10 episodes, Sie reflektieren seine zunehmende Einbindung in die Bewegung und haben durch seine exponierte Position in dieser Bedeutung für die Geschichte des Amateurjournalismus.
Lovecraft verfasste auch eine Reihe literaturgeschichtlicher und -theoretischer Arbeiten. Seine frühen Arbeiten in diesem Bereich zeigen seine Neigung zu antiquierten Formen und Normen und sind heute nur noch von geringem Interesse.
Ganz anders seine Beiträge zur Theorie der phantastischen Literatur, an erster Stelle Supernatural Horror in Literature und danach auch seine Notes on Writing Weird Fiction.
Vor allem Supernatural Horror in Literature hat Bedeutung als programmatische Schrift sowohl für Lovecraft selbst als auch für seine Schüler und Nachahmer und hier definiert er den Cosmic bzw.
Supernatural Horror gegenüber anderen Formen der Weird Fiction. Neben diesen Bereichen gibt es dann auch noch eine Gruppe von Arbeiten mit Beiträgen zu Fragen der Verslehre und Metrik.
Joshi schätzt, dass Lovecraft zwischen und seinem Todesjahr etwa Ein bekannt gewordener Brief an Woodburn Harris umfasste 70 Seiten.
Dabei war Lovecraft in jungen Jahren kein sehr eifriger Briefeschreiber. Jemandem schriftlich für ein Geschenk zu danken, war für mich eine derartige Qual, als müsste ich einen seitigen Hirtenbrief oder eine seitige Abhandlung über die Saturnringe schreiben.
Sein späterer umfangreicher Schriftverkehr war die Folge seines Engagements für den Amateurjournalismus. Mein Verständnis und meine Sympathien wuchsen und viele meiner sozialen, politischen und wirtschaftlichen Ansichten änderten sich als Folge meines wachsenden Wissens.
Teile von Lovecrafts Briefverkehr wurden von mehreren Verlagen veröffentlicht. So brachte Arkham House eine Auswahl seiner Briefe als fünfbändige Ausgabe unter dem Titel Selected Letters heraus.
Direkten Einblick in seine konzeptionelle Arbeitsweise gibt Lovecraft in den Essays Anmerkungen zum Schreiben unheimlicher Erzählungen und Einige Anmerkungen zu interplanetarischen Erzählungen sowie in seinem Anmerkungs- und Notizbuch.
Daher schrieb Lovecraft — wie Poe — keine längeren Romane. Neben ihnen sind antike Geschichtsschreiber und Schriftsteller wie Herodot , Plutarch und Epikur sowie Arthur Machen , Lord Byron , Charles Baudelaire und William Butler Yeats zu nennen, deren Namen er ebenfalls in mehreren Geschichten einbaute.
Letztere drei nennt er in Pickmans Modell explizit beim Namen. Der Cosmicism ist eine literarische Philosophie, die von H. Lovecraft begründet und oft von ihm als Bezeichnung für seine weird fiction verwendet wurde.
Für Lovecraft konnte die moderne, von der Wissenschaft durchwirkte und deterministisch bestimmte Weltsicht keine Wunder mehr bieten.
So versetzte er die Quelle des Schreckens vorzugsweise in die Vergangenheit oder in die Tiefen des Weltalls. Aus diesen zwei bodenlosen Abgründen der Zeit und des Raumes erheben sich kosmische Kräfte und dringen in das alltägliche Leben der im Vergleich mit ihnen völlig unbedeutenden Menschen ein, in der Regel in der vertrauten und beschaulichen Umgebung, in der der Autor aufwuchs.
Betrachtet man dessen marginale Geschichte und den primitiven Stand der Zivilisation , steht der Mensch ebenso unbedeutend wie verletzlich da. So sind die Erzählfiguren Lovecrafts den einbrechenden Gewalten und Mächten des Kosmos hilflos ausgeliefert.
Die Konfrontation mit dem absoluten Grauen führt den wegen seiner scheinbaren Authentizität gern gewählten, direkt betroffenen Ich-Erzähler am Ende häufig in Wahnsinn, Tod oder Selbstmord.
Die Wehrlosigkeit des Individuums steigert sich in den Erzählungen, in denen der Cthulhu-Mythos ausgearbeitet ist, zur kosmischen Bedrohung für die gesamte Menschheit.
Für Michael Koseler treffen Lars Gustafssons Überlegungen zur Stellung des Menschen in der phantastischen Kunst auch auf Lovecrafts Weltbild zu. Gustafsson wies in seinem Essay Über das Phantastische in der Literatur auf den Unterschied hin, die Welt als natürliches Milieu des Menschen darzustellen oder als Ort, wo er zufällig gelandet ist und dessen Kräften er so hilflos ausgeliefert ist, wie es auf den Gefängnisbildern Giovanni Battista Piranesis dargestellt ist.
Diese Erzählungen sind präzise konstruiert und laufen häufig nach einem ähnlichen Schema ab. Als Bekenntnis, Brief oder Tagebuch angelegt, schildern sie mit vielen Vordeutungen das kafkaeske Einbrechen des übermächtigen Fremden in das Leben gewöhnlicher Menschen, oftmals ausgelöst durch Nachforschungen oder Expeditionen, die es besser nie gegeben hätte.
In seinen gelungensten Texten, zu denen Die Ratten im Gemäuer , Die Musik des Erich Zann , Cthulhus Ruf oder Schatten über Innsmouth gerechnet werden, versetzt Lovecraft den Leser gewaltsam in eine bedrohliche Sphäre.
Zondergelds die erotische Komponente in den Erzählungen Lovecrafts spürbar, der ein gehemmter Eremit gewesen sei. Eine ganz spezifische Abscheu vor Meeresgetier hat in zahlreichen Geschichten Spuren hinterlassen.
Die Erzählungen sind meist in seiner Heimat angesiedelt, dem Neu-England des Jahrhunderts; daneben gibt es Ausflüge in entlegene Regionen Antarktis, Australien, Afrika, Arabien, Europa, Südamerika und die lokale Vergangenheit.
Gerade in der Kombination des alltäglich Vertrauten mit dem unsagbaren Schrecken aus weiter Vergangenheit, ferner Zukunft oder kosmischen Tiefen liegt einer der besonderen Reize seiner Texte.
In den weniger kosmisch orientierten Erzählungen spielen Phänomene der Degeneration und Inzucht eine wichtige Rolle.
Zu ihnen gehören Arthur Jermyn , Die lauernde Furcht , Die Ratten im Gemäuer und das späte Werk Schatten über Innsmouth.
Nach Auffassung Sunand T. Indem Lovecraft werksübergreifend wiederkehrende Versatzstücke verwendete, erreichte er eine höchst eigene Gesamtwirkung.
Dazu zählen fiktive Orte wie das Plateau von Leng ebenso wie zahlreiche fiktive Bücher mit verbotenem Wissen. Das bekannteste dieser Werke ist das Necronomicon , eine Schrift, die vorgeblich von dem verrückten Araber Abdul Alhazred verfasst wurde, den Lovecraft in Stadt ohne Namen einführte, ohne allerdings das Buch zu erwähnen.
Lovecrafts Biograph Lyon Sprague de Camp berichtet, der Name Alhazred sei von Lovecraft schon als Kind während seiner Tausendundeine-Nacht -Phase verwendet worden und spiele scherzhaft auf eine befreundete Familie an.
In Anlehnung an diesen Titel könnte der Titel Necronomicon entstanden sein. Lovecraft verwendete in seinen Geschichten häufig Namen aus seiner direkten Umgebung oder wandelte diese leicht ab.
Ein anderes fiktives Buch, das von Lovecraft des Öfteren erwähnt wird, ist von Junzts Unaussprechliche Kulte.
Vor allem jedoch durch die Schaffung wiederkehrender kosmischer Quasi-Gottheiten entsteht eine Intertextualität , die eine beklemmende Kohärenz erzeugt.
Zu den häufig diskutierten Fragen gehört Lovecrafts Rassismus, der sich in einigen Gedichten und Briefen, Essays und Erzählungen wie Arthur Jermyn und Schatten über Innsmouth zeigt und bereits in seinen jungen Jahren ausgeprägt war.
Das Konzept der White Supremacy übernahm er von unterschiedlichen Autoren, mit denen er sich beschäftigte. So zeigen sich in seinem frühen, William Benjamin Smith gewidmetem Gedicht De Triumpho Naturae: The Triumph of Nature over Northern Ignorance vom Juli explizit rassistische Thesen, indem er die Folgen des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges ablehnte, Afroamerikaner mit Affen verglich und die Sklavenbefreiung als gotteswidrigen Irrsinn einstufte.
Willcox berufen. So hätten medizinische Untersuchungen gezeigt, dass Schwarze häufiger von Typhus und Schwindsucht sowie von sexuell übertragbaren Krankheiten betroffen seien und die Kriminalität unter ihnen rapide ansteige.
Andererseits reicht diese Haltung bis in Jahrhundert zurück, findet sich etwa bei Voltaire , Thomas Jefferson und anderen Autoren, so dass es schwierig ist, sie isoliert zu betrachten.
Im Ein Exemplar seiner vielgelesenen Schrift Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation befand sich in Lovecrafts Bibliothek.
Du Bois oder Paul Laurence Dunbar. Allerdings führten afroamerikanische Autoren bis in die er Jahre ein Schattendasein, was sich erst mit Schriftstellern wie Zora Neale Hurston , Claude McKay , Jean Toomer und Langston Hughes ändern sollte, eine Literatur, von der Lovecraft keine Notiz nahm.
Rassistische Gedanken lassen sich auch in dem Essay The Crime of the Century von erkennen, in dem Lovecraft den Ersten Weltkrieg aus einer eigenwilligen Perspektive beklagte.
It was in , prior to his high school graduation, when Lovecraft suffered another health crisis of some sort, though this instance was seemingly more severe than any prior.
The exact circumstances and causes remain unknown. The only direct records are Lovecraft's own later correspondence wherein he described it variously as a "nervous collapse" and "a sort of breakdown," in one letter blaming it on the stress of high school despite his enjoying it.
In another letter concerning the events of , he notes, "I was and am prey to intense headaches, insomnia, and general nervous weakness which prevents my continuous application to any thing.
Though Lovecraft maintained that he was to attend Brown University after high school, he never graduated and never attended school again. Whether Lovecraft suffered from a physical ailment, a mental one, or some combination thereof has never been determined.
An account from a high school classmate described Lovecraft as exhibiting "terrible tics" and that at times "he'd be sitting in his seat and he'd suddenly up and jump.
Lovecraft himself acknowledged in letters that he suffered from bouts of chorea as a child. Few of Lovecraft and Susie's activities from late to are recorded.
A friend of Susie, Clara Hess, recalled a visit during which Susie spoke continuously about Lovecraft being "so hideous that he hid from everyone and did not like to walk upon the streets where people could gaze on him.
During this period, Lovecraft revived his earlier scientific periodicals. Called Providence in A. In , Lovecraft's letters to editors began appearing in pulp and weird-fiction magazines, most notably Argosy.
Lovecraft described Jackson's stories as "trivial, effeminate, and, in places, coarse. This sparked a nearly year-long feud in the letters section of Argosy between Lovecraft, along with his occasional supporters, and the majority of readers critical of his view of Jackson.
Lovecraft's biggest critic was John Russell, who often replied in verse, and to whom Lovecraft felt compelled to reply because he respected Russell's writing skills.
Daas , then head editor of the United Amateur Press Association  also known as the UAPA. Daas invited Russell and Lovecraft to the organization and both accepted, Lovecraft in April Lovecraft immersed himself in the world of amateur journalism for most of the following decade.
He contrasted this with his view of "professional publication," which he termed as writing for journals and publishers he considered respectable.
He thought of amateur journalism as training and practice for a professional career. Lovecraft was appointed chairman of the Department of Public Criticism of the UAPA in late Emblematic of the Anglophile opinions he maintained throughout his life, he openly criticized other UAPA contributors for their "Americanisms" and "slang.
In mid, Lovecraft was elected to the position of first vice-president of the UAPA. Lovecraft published multiple criticisms of the U.
In , Lovecraft published his early short story " The Alchemist " in the main UAPA journal, a departure from his usual verse. Due in no small part to the encouragement of W.
Paul Cook , another UAPA member and future lifelong friend, Lovecraft began writing and publishing more fiction. In , Lovecraft's term as president of the UAPA elapsed, and he took his former post as chairman of the Department of Public Criticism.
Though he passed the physical exam,  he told Kleiner that his mother "has threatened to go to any lengths, legal or otherwise, if I do not reveal all the ills which unfit me for the army".
In the winter of —, Susie, exhibiting symptoms of a "nervous breakdown" of some sort, went to live with her elder sister Lillian.
It is unclear what Susie may have been suffering from. Neighbour and friend Clara Hess, interviewed in , recalled instances of Susie describing "weird and fantastic creatures that rushed out from behind buildings and from corners at dark.
Late saw Lovecraft become more outgoing. After a period of isolation, he began joining friends in trips to writer gatherings; the first being a talk in Boston presented by Lord Dunsany , whom Lovecraft had recently discovered and idolized.
It was later in that Lovecraft began publishing the earliest stories that fit into the Cthulhu Mythos. The Cthulhu Mythos, a term likely coined by August Derleth , encompasses Lovecraft's stories that share a commonality in the revelation of cosmic insignificance, initially realistic settings, and recurring entities and texts.
In it is found one of Lovecraft's most enduring bits of writing, a couplet recited by his creation Abdul Alhazred, "That is not dead which can eternal lie; And with strange aeons even death may die.
On May 24, , Susie died in Butler Hospital, due to complications from a gall bladder surgery five days earlier. Lovecraft's initial reaction, expressed in a letter nine days after Susie's death, was that of an "extreme nervous shock" that crippled him physically and emotionally, again remarking that he found no reason he should continue living.
It was at one such convention in July that Lovecraft met Sonia Greene. Lovecraft's aunts disapproved of this relationship with Sonia.
Lovecraft and Greene married on March 3, , and relocated to her Brooklyn apartment at Flatbush Avenue; she thought he needed to leave Providence to flourish and was willing to support him financially.
She attributed Lovecraft's passive nature to a stultifying upbringing by his mother. He was enthralled by New York, and, in what was informally dubbed the Kalem Club, he acquired a group of encouraging intellectual and literary friends who urged him to submit stories to Weird Tales ; editor Edwin Baird accepted many otherworldly 'Dream Cycle' Lovecraft stories for the ailing publication, though they were heavily criticized by a section of the readership.
On New Year's Day of , Sonia moved to Cleveland for a job opportunity, and Lovecraft left Flatbush for a small first-floor apartment on Clinton Street "at the edge of Red Hook "—a location which came to discomfort him greatly.
Loveman was Jewish, but he and Lovecraft became close friends in spite of the latter's nativist attitudes. Not long after the marriage, Greene lost her business and her assets disappeared in a bank failure; she also became ill.
Lovecraft made efforts to support his wife through regular jobs, but his lack of previous work experience meant he lacked proven marketable skills.
After a few unsuccessful spells as a low-level clerk, his job-seeking became desultory. The publisher of Weird Tales attempted to put the loss-making magazine on a business footing and offered the job of editor to Lovecraft, who declined, citing his reluctance to relocate to Chicago; "think of the tragedy of such a move for an aged antiquarian," the year-old writer declared.
Baird was replaced with Farnsworth Wright , whose writing Lovecraft had criticized. Lovecraft's submissions were often rejected by Wright.
This may have been partially due to censorship guidelines imposed in the aftermath of a Weird Tales story that hinted at necrophilia, although after Lovecraft's death, Wright accepted many of the stories he had originally rejected.
Greene, moving to where the work was, relocated to Cincinnati, and then to Cleveland; her employment required constant travel.
Added to the daunting reality of failure in a city with a large immigrant population, Lovecraft's single-room apartment at Clinton Street in Brooklyn Heights , not far from the working-class waterfront neighborhood Red Hook , was burgled, leaving him with only the clothes he was wearing.
In August , he wrote " The Horror at Red Hook " and " He ", in the latter of which the narrator says "My coming to New York had been a mistake; for whereas I had looked for poignant wonder and inspiration [ With a weekly allowance Greene sent, Lovecraft moved to a working-class area of Brooklyn Heights , where he subsisted in a tiny apartment.
Back in Providence, Lovecraft lived in a "spacious brown Victorian wooden house" at 10 Barnes Street until Willett in Lovecraft's The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
The period beginning after his return to Providence—the last decade of his life—was Lovecraft's most prolific; in that time he produced short stories, as well as his longest works of fiction: The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath , The Case of Charles Dexter Ward , and At the Mountains of Madness.
He frequently revised work for other authors and did a large amount of ghostwriting , including The Mound , Winged Death , and The Diary of Alonzo Typer.
Client Harry Houdini was laudatory, and attempted to help Lovecraft by introducing him to the head of a newspaper syndicate. Plans for a further project were ended by Houdini's death.
Although he was able to combine his distinctive style allusive and amorphous description by horrified though passive narrators with the kind of stock content and action that the editor of Weird Tales wanted—Wright paid handsomely to snap up " The Dunwich Horror " which proved very popular with readers—Lovecraft increasingly produced work that brought him no remuneration.
Affecting a calm indifference to the reception of his works, Lovecraft was in reality extremely sensitive to criticism and easily precipitated into withdrawal.
He was known to give up trying to sell a story after it had been once rejected. Sometimes, as with The Shadow over Innsmouth which included a rousing chase that supplied action he wrote a story that might have been commercially viable but did not try to sell it.
Lovecraft even ignored interested publishers. He failed to reply when one inquired about any novel Lovecraft might have ready: although he had completed such a work, The Case of Charles Dexter Ward , it was never typed up.
Greene moved to California in and remarried in , unaware that Lovecraft, despite his assurances to the contrary, had never officially signed the final decree.
Lovecraft was never able to provide for even basic expenses by selling stories and doing paid literary work for others.
He lived frugally, subsisting on an inheritance that was nearly depleted by the time he died. He sometimes went without food to be able to pay the cost of mailing letters.
As a result of the Great Depression , he shifted towards socialism, decrying both his prior beliefs and the rising tide of fascism.
Roosevelt , but he thought that the New Deal was not sufficiently leftist. In late , he witnessed the publication of The Shadow over Innsmouth as a paperback book.
It sold slowly and only approximately copies were bound. The remaining copies were destroyed after the publisher went out of business. By this point, Lovecraft's literary career had reached its end.
Shortly after having written his last original short story, " The Haunter of the Dark ", he stated that the hostile reception of At the Mountains of Madness had done "more than anything to end my effective fictional career.
On June 11, Robert E. Howard committed suicide after being told that his mother would not awaken from her coma.
His mother died shortly thereafter. This deeply affected Lovecraft, who consoled Howard's father. Almost immediately, Lovecraft wrote a brief memoir titled "In Memoriam: Robert Ervin Howard".
He was suffering from an affliction that he referred to as "grippe". Due to his fear of doctors, Lovecraft was not examined until a mere month before his death.
After seeing a doctor, he was diagnosed with terminal cancer of the small intestine. He remained hospitalized until he died.
He lived in constant pain until his death on March 15, , in Providence. In accordance with his lifelong scientific curiosity, he kept a diary of his illness until he was physically incapable of holding a pen.
Lovecraft began his life as a Tory. This is likely the result of his conservative upbringing. His family supported the Republican Party for the entirety of his life.
While it is unclear how consistently he voted, he voted for Herbert Hoover in the presidential election. Rhode Island as a whole remained politically conservative and Republican into the s.
He opposed democracy and thought that America should be governed by an aristocracy. As a result of the Great Depression , Lovecraft reexamined his political views.
Initially, he thought that affluent people would take on the characteristics of his ideal aristocracy and solve America's problems.
When this did not occur, he became a socialist. This shift was not brought on by a change in his living standards.
Instead, it was caused by the increase in socialism's political capital during the s. It was also caused by his observation that the Depression was harming American society.
One of the main points of Lovecraft's socialism was its opposition to communism. He thought that a communist revolution would bring out the destruction of American civilization.
Lovecraft thought that an intellectual aristocracy needed to be formed to preserve America. His ideal political system is outlined in his essay, "Some Repetitions on the Times.
In this essay, he advocates governmental control of resource distribution, fewer working hours and a higher wage, and unemployment insurance and old age pensions.
He also outlines the need for a oligarchy of intellectuals. In his view, power must be restricted to those who are sufficiently intelligent and educated.
Lovecraft had varied views on the political figures of his day. He was an ardent supporter of Franklin D. He saw that Roosevelt was trying to steer a middle course between the conservatives and the revolutionaries, which he approved of.
While he thought that Roosevelt enact more progressive policies, he came to the conclusion that the New Deal was the only realistic option for reform.
He thought that voting for his opponents on the political left would be a waste. More specifically, he thought that Hitler would preserve German culture.
However, he thought that Hitler's racial policies should be based on culture rather than descent. There is evidence that, at the end of his life, Lovecraft began to oppose Hitler.
According to Harry K. Brobst, Lovecraft's downstairs neighbor went to Germany and witnessed Jews being beaten. Lovecraft and his aunt were angered by this.
His discussions of Hitler drop off after this point. Lovecraft was an atheist. His viewpoints on religion are outlined in his essay "A Confession of Unfaith.
Lovecraft was raised by a conservative Protestant family. He was introduced to the Bible and the mythos of Saint Nicholas when he was two.
He passively accepted both of them. Over the course of the next few years, he was introduced to Grimms' Fairy Tales and One Thousand and One Nights , favoring the latter.
In response, Lovecraft took on the identity of "Abdul Alhazred," a name he would later use for the author of the Necronomicon. He questioned if God is also a myth.
In , he was introduced to Greco-Roman myths and became "a genuine pagan. This came to an end in , when Lovecraft was introduced to space.
He later described this event ast the most poignant in his life. In response to this discovery, Lovecraft took to studying astronomy and described his observations in the local newspaper.
Before his thirteenth birthday, he had become convinced of humanity's impermanence. By the time he was seventeen, he had read detailed writings that agreed with his worldview.
Lovecraft ceased writing positively about progress, instead developing his later cosmic philosophy. Despite his interests in science, he had an aversion to realistic literature, so he became interested in fantastical fiction.
This did not lessen his viewpoints. Lovecraft became pessimistic when he entered amateur journalism in The Great War seemed to confirm his viewpoints.
He began to despise philosophical idealism. Lovecraft took to discussing and debating his pessimism with his peers, which allowed him to solidify his philosophy.
His readings of Friedrich Nietzsche and H. Mencken , among other pessimistic writers, furthered this development.
At the end of his essay, Lovecraft states that all he desired was oblivion. He was willing to cast aside any illusion that he may still have held.
Race is the most controversial aspect of Lovecraft's legacy, expressed in many disparaging remarks against the various non-Anglo-Saxon races and cultures in his work.
As he grew older, his original racial worldview became a classism or elitism which regarded the superior race to include all those self-ennobled through high culture.
From the start, Lovecraft did not hold all white people in uniform high regard, but rather esteemed English people and those of English descent.
Initially, Lovecraft showed sympathy to minorities who adopted Western culture, even to the extent of marrying a Jewish woman he viewed as "well assimilated.
His interest started from his childhood days when his grandfather, who preferred Gothic stories, would tell him stories of his own design.
Lovecraft's childhood home on Angell Street had a large library. This library contained classical literature, scientific works, and early weird fiction.
At the age of five, Lovecraft enjoyed reading One Thousand and One Nights , and was reading Hawthorne a year later.
He was also influenced by the travel literature of John Mandeville and Marco Polo. This led to his discovery of gaps , which prevented Lovecraft from committing suicide during his adolescence.
These travelogues may have also had an influence on how Lovecraft's later works describe their characters and locations.
For example, there is a resemblance between the powers of the Tibetan enchanters in Polo's Travels and the powers unleashed on Sentinel Hill in " The Dunwich Horror ".
One of Lovecraft's most significant literary influences was Edgar Allan Poe, whom he described as his "God of Fiction.
Both authors created distinctive, singular worlds of fantasy and employed archaisms in their writings. This influence can be found in such works as his novella The Shadow over Innsmouth  where Lovecraft references Poe's story " The Imp of the Perverse " by name in Chapter 3, and in his poem "Nemesis", where the " A direct quote from the poem and a reference to Poe's only novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket is alluded to in Lovecraft's magnum opus At the Mountains of Madness.
He was influenced by Arthur Machen 's  carefully constructed tales concerning the survival of ancient evil into modern times in an otherwise realistic world and his beliefs in hidden mysteries which lay behind reality.
Lovecraft was also influenced by authors such as Oswald Spengler and Robert W. Chambers was the writer of The King in Yellow , of whom Lovecraft wrote in a letter to Clark Ashton Smith : "Chambers is like Rupert Hughes and a few other fallen Titans — equipped with the right brains and education but wholly out of the habit of using them.
Lovecraft also cited Algernon Blackwood as an influence, quoting The Centaur in the head paragraph of " The Call of Cthulhu ". He declared Blackwood's story The Willows to be the single best piece of weird fiction ever written.
Lovecraft's materialist views led him to espouse his philosophical views through his fiction; these philosophical views came to be called cosmicism.
Cosmicism took on a more pessimistic tone with his creation of what is now known as the Cthulhu Mythos; a fictional universe that contains alien deities and horrors.
Dreams had a major role in Lovecraft's literary career. However, the majority of his stories are not transcribed dreams. Instead, many of them are directly influenced by dreams and dreamlike phenomena.
In his letters, Lovecraft frequently compared his characters to dreamers. They are described as being as helpless as a real dreamer who is experiencing a nightmare.
His stories also have dreamlike qualities. The Randolph Carter stories deconstruct the division between dreams and reality. The dreamlands in The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath are a shared dreamworld that can be accessed by a sensitive dreamer.
Meanwhile, in " The Silver Key ", Lovecraft mentions the concept of "inward dreams," which implies the existence of outward dreams.
Burleson compares this deconstruction to Carl Jung 's argument that dreams are the source of archetypal myths.
Lovecraft's way of writing fiction required both a level of realism and dreamlike elements. Citing Jung, Burleson argues that a writer may create realism by being inspired by dreams.
Lovecraft's use of British English owes much to his father's influence. He described his father as having been so anglophilic that he was commonly presumed to be an Englishman.
According to Lovecraft, his father had been constantly warned to avoid using Americanized words and phrases. This influence stretched beyond Lovecraft's use of language.
His father's Anglophilia had also caused Lovecraft to have a deep affection for British culture and the British Empire.
Lovecraft, in note to the editor of Weird Tales , on resubmission of "The Call of Cthulhu" . Forbidden, dark, esoterically veiled knowledge is a central theme in many of Lovecraft's works.
The awe and dread described by the characters in Lovecraft's weird fiction baffle them; they are stunned as their minds struggle to comprehend the alien things before them.
They can only describe their own sensations in the presence of great horrors, such as the way the beings smell or what horrible sounds they make.
The scientists of Lovecraft's stories usual stumble while trying to describe the terrible shape of the beings - essentially failing at describing what they actually are.
Many of his characters are driven by curiosity or scientific endeavor, and in many of his stories the knowledge they uncover proves Promethean in nature, either filling the seeker with regret for what they have learned, destroying them psychologically, or completely destroying the person who holds the knowledge.
The beings of Lovecraft's mythos often have human servants; Cthulhu , for instance, is worshipped under various names by cults among both the Greenlandic Inuit and voodoo circles of Louisiana , and in many other parts of the world.
These worshippers served a useful narrative purpose for Lovecraft. Many beings of the Mythos were too powerful to be defeated by human opponents, and so horrific that direct knowledge of them meant insanity for the victim.
When dealing with such beings, Lovecraft needed a way to provide exposition and build tension without bringing the story to a premature end.
Human followers gave him a way to reveal information about their "gods" in a diluted form, and also made it possible for his protagonists to win paltry victories.
Lovecraft, like his contemporaries, envisioned "savages" as closer to supernatural knowledge unknown to civilized man.
Often in Lovecraft's works, the protagonist is not in control of his own actions or finds it impossible to change course. Many of his characters would be free from danger if they simply managed to run away; however, this possibility either never arises or is somehow curtailed by some outside force, such as in " The Colour Out of Space " and " The Dreams in the Witch House ".
Often his characters are subject to a compulsive influence from powerful malevolent or indifferent beings. As with the inevitability of one's ancestry, eventually even running away, or death itself, provides no safety The Thing on the Doorstep , " The Outsider ", The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
In some cases, this doom is manifest in the entirety of humanity, and no escape is possible The Shadow Out of Time.
Another recurring theme in Lovecraft's stories is the idea that descendants in a bloodline can never escape the stain of crimes committed by their forebears, at least if the crimes are atrocious enough.
Descendants may be very far removed, both in place and in time and, indeed, in culpability , from the act itself, and yet, they may be haunted by the revenant past, e.
Lovecraft was familiar with the work of the German conservative-revolutionary theorist Oswald Spengler , whose pessimistic thesis of the decadence of the modern West formed a crucial element in Lovecraft's overall anti-modern worldview.
Spenglerian imagery of cyclical decay is present in particular in At the Mountains of Madness. Joshi, in H. Lovecraft: The Decline of the West , places Spengler at the center of his discussion of Lovecraft's political and philosophical ideas.
Lovecraft wrote to Clark Ashton Smith in "It is my belief, and was so long before Spengler put his seal of scholarly proof on it, that our mechanical and industrial age is one of frank decadence.
Lovecraft frequently dealt with the idea of civilization struggling against dark, primitive barbarism. In some stories this struggle is at an individual level; many of his protagonists are cultured, highly educated men who are gradually corrupted by some obscure and feared influence.
In such stories, the curse is often a hereditary one, either because of interbreeding with non-humans e.
In other tales, an entire society is threatened by barbarism. Sometimes the barbarism comes as an external threat, with a civilized race destroyed in war e.
Sometimes, an isolated pocket of humanity falls into decadence and atavism of its own accord e. But most often, such stories involve a civilized culture being gradually undermined by a malevolent underclass influenced by inhuman forces.
At the turn of the 20th century, humanity's increased reliance upon science was both opening new worlds and solidifying understanding of ours.
Lovecraft portrays this potential for a growing gap of man's understanding of the universe as a potential for horror, most notably in "The Colour Out of Space", where the inability of science to comprehend a contaminated meteorite leads to horror.
In a letter to James F. Morton in , Lovecraft specifically pointed to Albert Einstein 's theory on relativity as throwing the world into chaos and making the cosmos a jest; in a letter to Woodburn Harris in , he speculated that technological comforts risk the collapse of science.