Komplette Handlung und Informationen zu Metropolis. In der technokratischen Riesenstadt Metropolis leben Arbeiter und Oberschicht völlig isoliert voneinander. In den Glaspalästen von Metropolis vergnügen sich die Reichen, während die Arbeiter unter der Erde knechten. Bis sich Yuppie Freder in Proletarierin Maria. Januar den Plot des Films scharf kritisiert. Zwar lobt er das außergewöhnliche filmische Talent Langs, den Film Metropolis als solchen aber desavouiert er.
Metropolis (Film)Quelle: SDK Stadt mit Turm: Entwurf von Erich Kettelhut für "Metropolis" () Wohl kaum ein anderer deutscher Film hat in der Popularkultur des Metropolis: Science-Fiction-Film von Erich Pommer mit Fritz Rasp/Rolf von Goth/Helene Weigel. Jetzt im Kino. In der technokratischen Riesenstadt Metropolis leben Arbeiter und Oberschicht völlig isoliert voneinander. Arbeiter gelten als minderwertig und müssen in den Tiefen der Erde, wo es weder Sonne noch Freude gibt, vegetieren und wohnen in engen.
Metropolis 1927 Production notes and credits VideoMetropolis Restored Version 1927 Bluray 1080p
UFA invited several trade journal representatives and several film critics to see the film's shooting as parts of its promotion campaign.
Shooting lasted 17 months, with shooting days and 60 shooting nights, and was finally completed on 30 October The effects expert Eugen Schüfftan created pioneering visual effects for Metropolis.
Among the effects used are miniatures of the city, a camera on a swing, and most notably, the Schüfftan process ,  in which mirrors are used to create the illusion that actors are occupying miniature sets.
This new technique was seen again just two years later in Alfred Hitchcock 's film Blackmail The Maschinenmensch — the robot built by Rotwang to resurrect his lost love Hel — was created by sculptor Walter Schulze-Mittendorff.
A whole-body plaster cast was taken of actress Brigitte Helm, and the costume was then constructed around it. A chance discovery of a sample of "plastic wood" a pliable substance designed as wood-filler allowed Schulze-Mittendorff to build a costume that would both appear metallic and allow a small amount of free movement.
Gottfried Huppertz composed the film's score for a large orchestra. He drew inspiration from Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss , and combined a classical orchestral style with mild modernist touches to portray the film's massive industrial city of workers.
Huppertz's music played a prominent role during the film's production; the composer often played piano on Lang's set to inform the actors' performances.
Huppertz's score only accompanied the film once, at its original premiere. The score was not recorded until , for the film's first comprehensive restoration, with Berndt Heller conducting the Rundfunksinfonieorchester Saarbrücken.
It was released internationally on various DVD editions beginning in In , Huppertz's score was also played live by the VCS Radio Symphony, which accompanied the restored version of the film at Brenden Theatres in Vacaville, California.
For the film's "complete" restoration premiere, Huppertz's score was performed live and subsequently re-recorded by the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra , conducted by Frank Strobel.
At the time of its German premiere, Metropolis had a length of 4, metres, which is approximately minutes at 24 frames per second fps.
Considering that Metropolis was too long and unwieldy, Parufamet commissioned American playwright Channing Pollock to write a simpler version of the film that could be assembled using the existing material.
Pollock shortened the film dramatically, altered its inter-titles and removed all references to the character of Hel, because the name sounded too similar to the English word Hell , thereby removing Rotwang's original motivation for creating his robot.
Pollock said about the original film that it was "symbolism run such riot that people who saw it couldn't tell what the picture was about.
I have given it my meaning. Their experts have slashed my best film, Metropolis , so cruelly that I dare not see it while I am in England.
In Pollock's cut, the film ran for 3, metres, or approximately minutes—although a contemporary review in Variety of a showing in Los Angeles gave the running time as minutes,  and another source lists it at minutes.
Alfred Hugenberg , a German nationalist businessman, cancelled UFA's debt to Paramount and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer after taking charge of the company in April , and chose to halt distribution in German cinemas of Metropolis in its original form.
Hugenberg had the film cut down to a length of 3, metres about minutes , broadly along the lines of Pollock's edit, removing the film's perceived "inappropriate" communist subtext and religious imagery.
Hugenberg's cut of the film was released in German cinemas in August Later, after demands for more cuts by Nazi censors , UFA distributed a still shorter version of the film 2, metres, 91 minutes in , and an English version of this cut was archived in the Museum of Modern Art MoMA film library in the s.
It was this version which was the basis of all versions of Metropolis until the recent restorations. In it was recopied and returned to Germany to be the basis of the Munich Archive restoration.
Despite the film's later reputation, some contemporary critics panned it. Critic Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times called it a "technical marvel with feet of clay".
In The New Yorker Oliver Claxton called Metropolis "unconvincing and overlong", faulting much of the plot as "laid on with a terrible Teutonic heaviness, and an unnecessary amount of philosophizing in the beginning" that made the film "as soulless as the city of its tale".
He also called the acting "uninspired with the exception of Brigitte Helm". Nevertheless, Claxton wrote that "the setting, the use of people and their movement, and various bits of action stand out as extraordinary and make it nearly an obligatory picture.
Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels was impressed with the film's message of social justice. In a speech he said, "the political bourgeoisie is about to leave the stage of history.
In its place advance the oppressed producers of the head and hand, the forces of Labor, to begin their historical mission".
German cultural critic Siegfried Kracauer later wrote of Metropolis , "The Americans relished its technical excellence; the English remained aloof; the French were stirred by a film which seemed to them a blend of [composer] Wagner and [armaments manufacturer] Krupp , and on the whole an alarming sign of Germany's vitality.
Lang later expressed dissatisfaction with the film. In an interview with Peter Bogdanovich in Who the Devil Made It: Conversations with Legendary Film Directors , published in , he expressed his reservations:.
The main thesis was Mrs. Von Harbou's, but I am at least 50 percent responsible because I did it. I was not so politically minded in those days as I am now.
You cannot make a social-conscious picture in which you say that the intermediary between the hand and the brain is the heart.
I mean, that's a fairy tale—definitely. But I was very interested in machines. Anyway, I didn't like the picture—thought it was silly and stupid—then, when I saw the astronauts: what else are they but part of a machine?
It's very hard to talk about pictures—should I say now that I like Metropolis because something I have seen in my imagination comes true, when I detested it after it was finished?
In his profile of Lang, which introduced the interview, Bogdanovich suggested that Lang's distaste for his film also stemmed from the Nazi Party's fascination with it.
Von Harbou became a member of the Party in She and Lang divorced the following year. According to Roger Ebert , " Metropolis is one of the great achievements of the silent era, a work so audacious in its vision and so angry in its message that it is, if anything, more powerful today than when it was made.
The website's critical consensus reads, "A visually awe-inspiring science fiction classic from the silent era. Lane Roth in Film Quarterly called it a "seminal film" because of its concerns with "profound impact technological progress has on man's social and spiritual progress" and concluded that "ascendancy of artifact over nature is depicted not as liberating man, but as subjugating and corrupting him".
Exploring the dramatic production background and historical importance of the film's complex political context in The American Conservative , film historian Cristobal Catalan suggests "Metropolis is a passionate call, and equally a passionate caution, for social change".
The original premiere cut of Metropolis has been lost, and for decades the film could be seen only in heavily truncated edits that lacked nearly a quarter of the original length.
But over the years, various elements of footage have been rediscovered. Two of these negatives were destroyed when Paramount reedited the film for the US market and the UK market.
UFA itself cut the third negative for the August release. Between and , the Staatliches Filmarchiv der DDR , with the help of film archives from around the world, put together a version of Metropolis which restored some scenes and footage, but the effort was hobbled by a lack of a guide, such as an original script, to determine what, exactly, was in the original version.
Moroder's version, which was made in consultation with the Munich Film Archive and their archivist, Enno Patalas ,  was tinted to emphasise the different moods and locations in the film.
It also featured additional special effects, replaced intertitles of character dialogue with subtitles and incorporated a soundtrack featuring songs Moroder composed, produced and recorded with popular artists such as Freddie Mercury , Bonnie Tyler , Pat Benatar , Adam Ant and Jon Anderson.
It was the first serious attempt made at restoring Metropolis to Lang's original vision, and until the restorations in and , it was the most complete version of the film commercially available; the shorter run time was due to the extensive use of subtitles instead of title cards and a faster frame rate than the original.
Moroder's version of Metropolis generally received poor reviews. Moroder responded to the critics who lambasted his production for not being faithful to the original in The New York Times : "I didn't touch the original because there is no original.
Bonnie Tyler was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance at the 27th Grammy Awards  for "Here She Comes".
In August , after years of the Moroder version being unavailable on video in any format due to music licensing problems, it was announced that Kino International had managed to resolve the situation, and the film was to be released on Blu-ray and DVD in November.
In addition, the film enjoyed a limited theatrical re-release. After directing the early sound masterpiece M , based on child murders in Düsseldorf, Lang became increasingly estranged from German political life.
He emigrated in to escape the Nazis and began a second career in…. Wells, but…. Science fiction , a form of fiction that deals principally with the impact of actual or imagined science upon society or individuals.
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Click here for more information. Accept Reject. Beautiful, interesting, incredible cinema. Directed by Fritz Lang. Synopsis Set in a highly-stylized city where a beautiful utopia exists above a bleak underworld, privileged youth Freder discovers the grim scene beneath the surface and sets out to free the downtrodden workers with the aid of rebellious teacher Maria.
Pictures a city one thousand years from now. Edit Did You Know? Trivia As production costs pushed UFA toward bankruptcy, the studio had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures and MGM that created Parafumet to release the two U.
It also gave the studios distribution rights in the U. Parafumet cut the picture to about minutes, excising the Thin Man's pursuit of Freder and Josaphat and much of the backstory about Rotwang's past romantic rivalry with Fredersen.
Goofs The lever on the heart-machine pulled by the false Maria to destroy it is pointing upwards and downwards between shots.
Quotes Freder : What if one day those in the depths rise up against you? Alternate Versions A restored version was prepared by the Filmmuseum Munich.
Restored according to the original script, this version replaces lost scenes either with stills or titles. Its running time is about minutes. Was this review helpful to you?
Yes No Report this. Frequently Asked Questions Q: How did they shoot the rings around the machine when it was transforming into the guise of Maria?
Q: Is "Metropolis" based on a book? Q: What are the differences between the Restoration and the Restoration? Edit Details Official Sites: Official North American site for restoration.
Country: Germany. Language: None German. Budget: DEM6,, estimated. Runtime: min 93 min re-release min cut min Murnau Foundation 75th aniversary restored 80 min Giorgio Moroder.
Sound Mix: Dolby Digital restored version Silent original release. Color: Black and White.Freder finds the two embracing and, believing it is the real Maria, falls into a prolonged delirium. Moroder responded to the critics who lambasted his production for not being faithful to the original in The New York Times : "I didn't touch the original because there is no original. Austrian director Fritz Lang's German Expressionistic. In an artificial grotto, with sculpted columns New Girl Neue Staffel rise like stalactites, young women in carnival costumes Morning Glory Imdb head adornments frolic, while peacocks roam.